Források

Alkohol és egészség

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Túlzott alkoholfogyasztás

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20. Binge Drinking: Medical and Social Consequences, Institute of Alcohol Studies Fact Sheet (UK) www.ias.org.uk/resources/factsheets/binge_drinkingmed.pdf

21. Ibid.

22. Wechsler, H, et al, Health and Behavioural Consequences of Binge Drinking in College: A National Survey of Students at 140 Campuses, JAMA, 7 December 194, 272:21, 1672-1677 www.hsph.harvard.edu/eas/Documents/jama_194/193.pdf

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Járművezetés

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10. Zador, P. L. (191). Alcohol-related relative risk of fatal driver injuries in relation to driver age and sex. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 52, 302-310.

11. Zador, P. L., Krawchuk, S. A., & Voas, R. B. (2000). Alcohol-related relative risk of driver fatalities and driver involvement in fatal crashes in relation to driver age and gender: An update using 196 data. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 61, 387-395.

12. Burns, E. D., & Fiorentino, D. (2000, September). Ratings of intoxication and driving impairment, by gender and drinking category. Paper presented at the 15th International Conference on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety, Stockholm, Sweden.

13. Roads and Traffic Authority of New South Wales. (2000). Drink driving: Problem definition and countermeasures summary. Retrieved February 18, 2005, from http://www.rta.nsw.gov.au/roadsafety/downloads/pdcsum.pdf

14. Karoll, B. R., & Memmott, J. (2001). Order of alcohol-related life experiences: Gender differences. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 1, 45-60.

15. Beerman, K. A., Smith, M. M., & Hall, R. L. (1988). Predictors of recidivism in DUIIs. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 49, 443-449.

16. Perrine, M. W. (190). Who are the drinking drivers? The spectrum of drinking drivers revisited. Alcohol Health and Research World, 14, 26-35.

17. Davis, A., Quimby, A., Odero, W., Gururaj, G., & Hijar, M. (2003). Improving safety by reducing impaired driving in developing countries: A scoping study. Crowthorne, UK: Transport Research Laboratory.

18. International Center for Alcohol Policies (ICAP). (2002). Blood alcohol concentration limits worldwide. ICAP Report 11. Washington, DC: Author.

19. The Century Council. Information available at website: http://www.centurycouncil.org. Davis, A., Quimby, A., Odero, W., W. Gururaj, G., Hijar, M. Improving Safety by Reducing Impaired Driving in Developing Countries: A Scoping Study. TRL Unpublished Project Report PR/INT/724/03. Crawthorne, UK: Transport Research Laboratory, 2003.

20. European Transport Safety Council, Reducing traffic injuries resulting from alcohol impairment. Brussels, Belguim: ETSC, 195.

21. Global Road Safety Partnership. Impaired Driving in Developing Countries: Summary. Avail: http://www.grsproadsafety.org Geneva: GRSP


22. International Center for Alcohol Policies, ICAP Reports 11: Blood Alcohol Concentration Limits Worldwide. Washington, DC: ICAP, 2002.

23. ICAP. Contribution to GRSP Policy on Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol, 2000. De Jong, W. & Hingson, R., Strategies to reduce driving under the influence. Annual Review of Public Health, 19, 359-378, 198.

24. Moskowitz, H., & Fiorentino, D., A review of the literature on the effects of low doses of alcohol on drivingrelated skills. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2000.

25. Moskowitz, H., Burns, M., Fiorentino, D., Smiley, A., & Zador, P., Driver characteristics and impairment at various BACs. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2000.

26. Scheinberg, P.F., & Stouffer, R.E., Highway safety: Effectiveness of state .08 blood alcohol laws. Washington, DC: General Accounting Office, 19.

27. Sloan, F., Stout, E., Whetten-Goldstei, K., Liang, L., Drinkers, Drivers, and Bartenders: Balancing private choices and public accountability. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

28. Stewart, K., On DWI Laws in other countries. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2000.


Terhesség

1. Streissguth, A. P., & O’Malley, K. (2000). Neuropsychiatric implications and long-term consequences of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Seminar in Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 5, 177-19 0.

2. Warren, K. R., Calhoun, F. J., May, P. A., Viljoen, D. L., Li, T. K., Tanaka, H., et al. (2001). Fetal alcohol syndrome: An international perspective. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 25(5 Suppl. ISBRA), 202S-206S.

3. Abel, E. L. (195). An update on incidence of FAS: FAS is not an equal opportunity birth defect. Neurotoxicol Teratol, 17, 437-443.

4. Abel, E. L. (198a). Fetal alcohol abuse syndrome. New York: Plenum Press. Abel, E. L. (198b). Fetal alcohol syndrome: The “American paradox”. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 33, 195-201.

5. Cavallo, F., Russo, R., Zotti, C., Camerlengo, A., & Ruggenini, A. M. (195). Moderate alcohol consumption and spontaneous abortion. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 30, 195-201.

6. Cassano, P. A., Koepsell, T. D., & Farwell, J. R. (190). Risk of febrile seizures in childhood in relation to prenatal maternal cigarette smoking and alcohol intake. American Journal of Epidemiology, 132, 462-473; see discussion 474-468.

7. Hankin, J.R., Firestone, I.J., Sloan, J.J., Ager, J.W., Sokol, R.J., & Martier, S.S. 196. Heeding the alcoholic beverage warning label during pregnancy: multiparae versus nulliparae. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 57(2):171-7.

8. Hilton, M. E. 193. An overview of recent findings on alcoholic beverage warning labels. Journal of Public Policy and Marketing 12(1):1-9.

9. Kaskutas, L.A. & Greenfield, T.K. 197. The role of health consciousness in predicting attention to health warning messages. American Journal of Health Promotion 11(3):186-93.

10. Savitz, D. A., Schwingl, P. J., & Keels, M. A. (191). Influence of paternal age, smoking, and alcohol consumption on congenital anomalies. Teratology, 44, 429-440.

11. Abel, E. L. (190). Fetal alcohol syndrome. Oradell, NJ: Medical Economics Books.

12. Abel, E. L., & Sokol, R. J. (191). A revised conservative estimate of the incidence of FAS and its economic impact. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 15, 514-524.

13. Bielawski & Abel, 197

14. Eggert, J., Theobald, H., & Engfeldt, P. (2004). Effects of alcohol consumption on female fertility during an 18-year period. Fertility and Sterility, 81, 379-383.

15. Olsen, J., Bolumar, F., Boldsen, J., & Bisanti, L. (197). Does moderate alcohol intake reduce fecundability? A European multicenter study on infertility and subfecundity. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 21, 206-212.

16. Tolstrup, J. S., Kjaer, S. K., Holst, C., Sharif, H., Munk, C., Osler, M., et al. (2003). Alcohol use as predictor for infertility in a representative population of Danish women. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 82, 744-749.

17. Henderson, J., “Systematic Review of Effects of Low-Moderate Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Pregnancy Outcome,” BJOG, 114 (3): 243-252; 2007

18. O’Callagan, F.V., et. al., “Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Attention, Learning and Intellectual Ability at 14 years: A Prospective Longitudinal Study,” Early Human Development, 83(2): 115-123; 2007

19. Jaddo, V.W., et. al., “Moderate Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy and the Risk of Low Birth Weight and Preterm Birth. The Generation R Study,” Annuals Epidemiology” 17 (10): 834-840; 2007

20. Iveli, M.F., et.al., “Effects of Light Ethanol Consumption During Pregnancy: Increases Frequency of Minor Anomalies in the Newborn and Altered Contractility of Umbilical Cord Artery,” Pediatric Research 61(4): 456-461; 2007

21. National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, http://nofas.org/

22. NIAA, Drinking and Your Pregnancy, http://pubs.niaa.nih.gov/publications/DrinkingPregnancy_HTML/pregnancy.com

23. The Center for Adoption Medicine, http://www.adaptmed.org/topics/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-links.html

24. US Center for Disease Control, FAS Spectrum Disorder, http://www.cdc.gov/ncbdd/fas/

Aki még nincs 18!

Stop Underage Drinking, http://www.stopalcoholabuse.gov

Alateen, http://www.al-anon.alateen.org/alateen.html

1. Brown, S.A. & Tapert, S.F. (2004) Institute of Medicine, Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility, background papers.

2. Plant, M. & Plant, M. (192) Risk Takers: Alcohol, sex, drugs, and youths. London: Routledge

3. Abrahamson, M. (2004). When I drank too much: Young people in their 20s tell their stories. Nordisk Alkohol -&Narkotikatikdskrift, 21, 63-78.

4. Currie, C., Hurrelmann, K., Setterobulte, W., Smith, R. & Todd, J. (Eds.) (2000). Health and health behavior among young people. WHO Policy Series: Health policy for children and adolescents Issue 1. International Report. Copenhagen: World health Organization.

5. Kokkevi, A., Terzidou, M., Politikou, K., and Stefanis, C. (2000). Substance use among high school students in Greece: Outburst of illicit drug use in a society under change. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 58:181-188.

6. Hibell et. al., 2000, 2004; Norstrom, 2002; Currie et. Al., 2004

7. White, H.R. & Huselid, R.F. (197). Gender differences in alcohol use during adolescence. In R.W. Wilsnack & S.C. Wilsnack (Eds.), Gender and alcohol: Individual and social perspectives (pp.176-198). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies.

8. Hibell, B., Andersson, B., Ahlström, S., Balakireva, O., Bjarnason, T., Kokkevi, A., & Morgan, M. (2000). The 19 ESPAD Report: Alcohol and other drug use among students in 30 European countries. Stockholm, Sweden: The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN).

9. American Medical Association. (2005). “Adults most common source of alcohol for teens, according to poll of teens.” American Medical Association Press Release August 8.

10. Universidad Javeriana, 2007

11. Heath, D. B. (2000). Drinking occasions:Comparative perspectives on alcohol & culture. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis Group.

12. Rehm, R. & Gmel, G. (eds.) (2001). Alcohol per capita consumption, patterns of drinking and abstention worldwide after 195. Appendix 2. European Addiction Research, 7(3):155-157.

13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legal drinking age

14. Choquet, M. & Ledoux, S. (194) Adolescents, enquete nationale. Paris: Inserm.

15. Grube, J. (2003). Alcohol in the media: drinking portrayals, alcohol advertising, and alcohol consumption among Youth, in National Academy of Sciences 2003 Report, pg. 613.

16. Grube, J. (2003). Alcohol in the media: drinking portrayals, alcohol advertising, and alcohol consumption among Youth, in National Academy of Sciences 2003 Report, pg. 608.

17. Ibid, p. 619.

18. Ipsitz, A., Brake, G., Vincent, E., and Winters, M. Another Round for the Brewers: Television Ads and Children’s Alcohol Expectancies’, Northern Kentucky University

19. See for example: Milgram, 2001;Hellandsjo et. al., 202; Donovan et. al., 2004; Wood et al., 2004.

20. Turrisi, R,, Wiersma, K.A., Hughes, K.K. (2000). Binge-drinking-related consequences in college students: role of drinking beliefs and mother-teen communications. Psychol Addict Behav 14(4):342-55.

21. Bjarnason, T., Andersson, B., Choquet, M., Elekes Morgan, M, Rapinett, G. (2003). Alcohol culture, family structure and adolescent alcohol use, multilevel modeling of frequency of heavy drinking among 15 -16 year old students in 11 European countries. Journal of Studies on Alcohol Mar: 64(2): 200-8.

22. Wood, M.D. (2004). Do Parents still matter? Parent and peer influences on alcohol involvement among recent high school graduates. Psychol Addict Behav. Mar 18(1):19-30

23. Van Der Vorst, H, Engels R.C., Dekovic, M. Meeus, W., and Vermulst, A. A., Alcohol-Specific Rules, Personality and Adolescents’ Alcohol Use: A Longitudnal Person-Environment Study, Addiction, 102:7, 2007, pp 1064-1075.

24. Kuntsche, E.N., and Kuendig, H., What is Worse? A Hierarchy of Family-Related Risk Factors Predicting Alcohol Use in Adolescence, Substance Use and Misuse, 41:1, 2006, 71-86

25. Borsari, B. & Carey, K.B. (2001) Peer influences on college drinking: a review of the research. Journal of Substance abuse. 13(4):391-424.

26. Wood, M.D. (2004). Do Parents still matter? Parent and peer influences on alcohol involvement among recent high school graduates. Psychol Addict Behav. Mar 18(1):19-30

27. Donovan, J. (2004). Adolescent Alcohol Initiation: A Review of Psychosocial Risk Factors, Journal of Adolescent Health (35):529.e7-529.e18.

28. Wetherill, R.R. and Fromme K., Perceived Awareness and Caring Influences Alcohol Use by High School and College Students, Psychology of Addictive Behaviours, 21:2, 2007, pp. 147-154.

29. Heath, A.C., Madden, P.A.F., Grant, J.D., McLaughlin, T.L., Todorov, A.A., & Bucholz, K.K. (19). Resiliency factors protecting against teenage alcohol use and smoking: influences of religion, religious involvement and values, and ethnicity in the Missouri Adolescent Female Twin Study. Twin Research, (2):145-155.

30. Mason, W.A., & Windle, M. (2002). Longitudinal study of the effects of religiosity on adolescent alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. Journal of Adolescent Research, 17:346-363.

31. Eccles & Barber 19

32. Leichliter et. al., 198; Nelson & Wechsler, 2001

33. Chassin, Pitts, & Prost, 2002; Johnston, O’Malley, Bachman & Schulenberg, 2004; O’Neill, Parra, & Sher, 2001; Schulenberg, O’Malley, Bachman, Wadsworth, & Johnston, 196.

34. Bachman, Saron, Sy, & Schulenberg, 2003; Bachman, Wadsworth, O’Malley, Johnston, & Schulenberg, 197; O’Malley, Bachman, Johnston & Schulenberg, 2004

35. Maggs, J. L., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2005). Initiation and course of alcohol consumption among adolescents and young adults. Recent Developments in Alcoholism, 17, 29-47; Pitkanen, T., Lyyra, A. L., & Pulkkinen, L. (2005). Age of onset of drinking and the use of alcohol in adulthood: A follow-up study from age 8-42 for females and males. Addiction, 100, 652-661; Warner, L. A., & White, H. R. (2003). Longitudinal effects of age at onset and first drinking situations on problem drinking. Substance Use and Misuse, 38, 1983-2016.

36. McGue et. al., 2001; Prescott & Kendler, 19.

37. Brown & Tapert, 2004; Spear, 2004.

38. Brown et. al., 2000; Taper et al., 2001

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